Cyprus is known officially as the Republic of Cyprus and is an island in the eastern part
of the Mediterranean Sea. It is located to the west of Syria and south of Turkey. Cyprus
covers a land area of 9,251 km2, making it the third-largest island in the Mediterranean.
It had a population of 1.22 million in 2021, making it the third most populated island in
the Mediterranean. Cyprus has a population density of 123.4 people per square kilometer.
Around 1878, Cyrus was placed under the administration of the UK and was officially annexed
as a UK territory in 1914. In 1960, disagreement broke out among the Greek Cypriots and the
Turkish Cypriots about the island's future. On May 1, 2004, Cyprus became a member of the
European Union after much deliberation. It joined the Eurozone on January 1, 2008. At the
time of this writing, Cyprus has not become a member of the Schengen zone.
The Schengen zone is currently a collection of
26 Etias countries
in Europe that agree to allow for visa-free
travel within themselves. These countries have other world countries that can enter their
borders without a visa and travel across all 26 countries, provided they do not stay for more
than 90 days. Starting in 2023, citizens of these countries must provide an ETIAS (European
Travel Information and Authorization System) visa waiver before entering the countries.
Cyprus not being a Schengen country means that a visa to Cyprus can only take you to Cyprus
and not the Schengen zone. Citizens of about 90 countries can enter Cyprus without a visa.
Some of these are members of the European Union, while the rest are countries with special
agreements with Cyprus. Apart from these 90 countries, citizens of other countries will need
a Cyprus visa before entering the country.